Secreted beneath MIT’s Killian Court docket and accessible solely by way of a subterranean labyrinth of tunnels, a clandestine lab conducts boundary-pushing analysis, fed by cash siphoned from a Division of Protection grant. In these shadowed, high-tech halls, astrophysicist and astronaut Valentina Resnick-Baker, who’s experiencing unusual phenomena after an encounter with a planet-threatening asteroid, discovers she has the ability of plasma fusion. 

Resnick-Baker is the buff and brainy heroine of Summit, a 15-issue comedian sequence created and written by Amy Chu ’91. The conditions could also be fictional, however the science is—broadly—actual. (Chu did background analysis on plasma physics for the sequence, and when writing concerning the Batman villain Poison Ivy, she realized the fundamentals of CRISPR so Ivy might deploy it to develop her personal plant “children.”) “The factor that has bothered me for a very long time is that plenty of superhero tales are based mostly on full nonsense,” says Chu, 54. “Each story I do I attempt to floor in science.” 

{That a} graduate of MIT prefers scientific plausibility to Kryptonite and radioactive spider bites stands out as the least shocking factor about Chu. At age 42, after a profitable profession spent largely in convention rooms, this erstwhile administration marketing consultant entered her personal alternate universe as a comic book e-book author. First by way of her publishing startup, Alpha Woman Comics, and now by way of work for heavyweights like Marvel and DC, Chu is reimagining a historically white male medium for ladies, Asian-Individuals and Pacific Islanders, and others who hardly ever see themselves in its color-saturated panels.

“A variety of superhero tales are based mostly on full nonsense. Each story I do I attempt to floor in science.”

Amy Chu

With comics, Chu is pursuing each a market alternative and a social agenda, the latter acquainted to the battle-scarred girls of gaming. “All these individuals are screaming and hollering about comics: that they’re dying as a result of women and girls are killing them,” says Chu, referring to well-publicized misogyny directed at feminine creators and followers. “The way forward for comics hinges on the flexibility to get women as readers.” 

comic panel 1
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comic panel 2
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comic panel 3
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comic panel 4
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Making the crew

Chu’s advocacy for girls and women started as advocacy for herself. Her dad and mom, who immigrated from Hong Kong in 1968, moved the household across the nation for her father’s positions in nuclear and, later, medical physics. In 1980 they ended up in Iowa Metropolis, the place Chu balanced nerdy predilections (chess crew, Dungeons & Dragons, text-based pc video games) with a love of soccer. Her faculty had solely a boys’ crew, which she made—however the coach wouldn’t let her play. Chu’s household sued the college district and received. 

In 1985 Chu moved to Massachusetts and launched into a dual-degree program that required her to divide her time between MIT, the place she studied architectural design, and Wellesley, the place she pursued East Asian research. However it was at MIT’s Phi Beta Epsilon fraternity that she met her future. Chu’s boyfriend on the time was a member there, and the girlfriend of considered one of his buddies had been storing a big field full of comics on the frat. Many have been from First Comics, an alternate writer specializing in spies, adventurers, and science fiction. “I learn nearly the whole field that summer season,” says Chu, who beforehand had equated comics with superheroes. “It was a revelation.” 

That’s the origin story. However Chu’s profession in comics was a good distance off. At Wellesley she did dabble in publishing, launching a cultural journal to prod the creation of a category in Asian-American research. And after graduating from Wellesley in 1989, she moved to New York to cofound A. Journal, a general-interest publication for Asian-American readers. However Chu knew {that a} startup journal was unlikely to make sufficient cash to outlive, so after a couple of 12 months she returned to Cambridge to complete her MIT diploma. (A. lasted one other eight years.) 

After senior jobs at a number of Asian-American nonprofits in New York, Chu spent two and a half years in Hong Kong and Macau. Whereas abroad she labored for billionaire businesswoman Pansy Ho, who owned a PR agency that produced occasions for luxurious manufacturers, and in addition labored together with her household’s enterprise creating tourism in Macau. Ho grew to become a mentor. 

Chu returned to the US to attend Harvard Enterprise Faculty and in 1999, MBA in hand, boarded the management-consulting practice. Two years on the strategic consultancy Marakon helped her retire some Brobdingnagian pupil loans. Then Ho requested Chu to help a couple of of her biotech investments within the US. That touched off near a decade of enterprise journeys and PowerPoints, with Chu working as an unbiased marketing consultant for Ho and others. “There was a fantastic want at the moment for biotech Crimson Sonjas,” she says, referring to the flame-haired mercenary about whom she additionally has written.

By 2010, Chu was burnt out. Not solely was her work intense, however she was elevating two younger youngsters and exhausted from remedy for breast most cancers. On the first Harvard Asian-American Alumni Summit, she linked with Georgia Lee, a good friend who had engineered a 180-degree flip from consulting to writing and filmmaking. Lee laid out her new imaginative and prescient for a comics writer focusing on women and girls. Again then, feminine characters in established comics have been diminished largely to cleavage and catsuits for the eyes of a presumed male readership.

The paucity of comics created by and for girls awoke the sense of unfairness that had pushed Chu again in Iowa. “I made the crew in soccer,” she says. “I’d make the crew in comics.”

 Changing into a author

Chu and Lee’s startup, Alpha Woman Comics, debuted with a sci-fi Western by Lee known as Meridien Metropolis. The founders deliberate to launch work by different girls later. As Chu ready to tackle the position of writer, Lee urged her to study each side of the enterprise. So Chu signed up for a comic book writing and enhancing program created by a former Marvel editor. “That’s the place I acquired hooked,” she says.

Shortly after Alpha Woman launched its first title, Lee couldn’t go up the chance to direct a movie in Hong Kong. By that point, Chu had written some tales of her personal. “The entire thing shifted over to me,” she says. “So I mentioned, I suppose I’ll publish my stuff, with a bunch of artists.” (Like many comedian writers, Chu crafts tales and collaborates with artists who draw the panels.)

Although her background doesn’t scream “comics creator,” it really ready her effectively for the work, she says. From the soulless labor of PowerPoint era throughout her consulting profession, she mastered economic system of storytelling. And architectural design, her main at MIT, taught her to optimize area inside constraints. (Chu compares becoming a full-blown struggle scene right into a 10-page comedian to becoming a grand piano right into a studio residence: “It’s a must to sacrifice issues or it will likely be a nasty expertise.”) 

For Alpha Woman, Chu wrote and produced two titles. Ladies Night time Out is a three-volume sequence that follows the adventures of a girl with dementia and her buddies, who abscond from a nursing dwelling. VIP Room is a one-off horror story about 5 strangers imprisoned in a mysterious place. However hustling gross sales at conventions—Alpha Woman’s chief type of distribution—didn’t pave a path to prosperity. To boost her trade profile and make just a little more cash, Chu grew to become a pen-for-hire, spinning new adventures for pop-culture icons developed by Marvel, DC Comics, and different publishers.

Girls Night Out comic cover
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Sea Sirens comic cover
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Wonderwoman comic cover
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Chu’s decade-long profession in comics has included a enterprise in unbiased publishing, graphic novels for younger readers, and up to date re-imaginings of the trade’s most iconic characters.

One notable creation was the story arc she developed in 2016 for Poison Ivy, a Batman villain who’d debuted in 1966 as a plant-obsessed eco-terrorist. Chu rethought the character as she produced Ivy’s first solo sequence, taking a sympathetic method to her difficult morality. After getting suggestions throughout a Surprise Con panel concerning the shortage of Asian-Individuals in comics, she added a South Asian male lead, partly impressed by a Jain classmate from MIT. (“Jains are excessive vegetarians, which in fact was very attention-grabbing to Ivy,” she says.) Comics, says Chu, give her “a platform to extend illustration and variety.”

Comics additionally present her with alternatives to get just a little foolish. In 2016, Chu started writing concerning the well-liked character Crimson Sonja, transplanting the sword-wielding barbarian from a fictional nation and epoch to modern-day New York Metropolis. Just a few years later, Dynamite Leisure and Archie Comics requested her to create a limited-series crossover between Sonja and Riverdale’s favourite feminine teen frenemies. “I assumed, that’s so ridiculous I’m simply going to say no,” says Chu of what finally grew to become Crimson Sonja & Vampirella Meet Betty & Veronica. “Then I assumed, if I can do it and make it good, that could be a testomony to my capacity.”  

 MIT inspiration

Chu quickly grew to become a sought-after author and is usually requested to offer a contemporary perspective on characters which will have been conceived a long time in the past. Concepts come from throughout, together with MIT Know-how Evaluate, which Chu calls “grounded in science and forward-thinking.” 

The Institute has proffered inspiration in different methods. At a Baltimore Comedian Con the place she was on a panel, Chu reconnected with Knowledge Coleman ’91. Coleman talked about his experiences as a fight pilot in Afghanistan and the ladies who served alongside him there. The lives of these girls grew to become the idea for Chu’s first Surprise Lady story, a couple of feminine pilot who wonders whether or not her personal heroics are in truth the work of the Woman of the Golden Lariat. (They’re not.)

Characters like that feminine pilot and Resnick-Baker, the astrophysicist-­astronaut on the coronary heart of the Summit sequence, costume as Chu conceived them: like actual girls doing actual work. Characters that Chu didn’t create, in contrast, typically are rendered within the hypersexualized type she detests. There’s not a lot she will be able to do about it. “Loads relies on the editor and the editor’s collection of the artist,” she says. One signal of progress, she observes, is the much less exploitative method of comedian books focusing on younger audiences or produced by a rising cadre of feminine editors. 

Chu generally will push again, as when an artist engaged on considered one of her books depicted Poison Ivy in a thong. “I actually was on a name the place I walked them by way of the Victoria’s Secret catalogue and informed them what can be applicable,” she says. “Someplace between bikini and boy shorts is what I used to be imagining.” (The artist made the change.)

At this time Chu will get a lot work from mainstream publishers that she lacks time for Alpha Woman, which has not launched a brand new title in a number of years. (Lee went on to write down for tv, notably for the Syfy and Amazon Prime Video sequence The Expanse.) She needs to revisit Alpha Woman, however “I preserve getting stuff the place I’m like, I’ve acquired to write down that as a result of it’s fairly cool,” she says. “Inexperienced Hornet? Yeah, I need to write Inexperienced Hornet! Surprise Lady? In fact!”

Chu additionally has ventured into extra conventional publishing. In 2019 and 2020 Viking launched two volumes of Sea Sirens, a graphic novel for center graders created by Chu and her good friend Janet Ok. Lee, the Eisner Award–profitable illustrator. Tailored from a 1911 underwater fantasy by Wizard of Oz creator L. Frank Baum, Chu and Lee’s up to date model reimagines the heroine, Trot, as a Vietnamese-American lady in Southern California. Her grownup male companion is now a speaking cat. “The concept of a younger lady wandering round with an odd older man having adventures raises plenty of questions lately,” says Chu.

There are different calls for on Chu’s time. Three years in the past, she was recruited to write down two episodes for the Netflix sequence DOTA: Dragon’s Blood, based mostly on the favored online game. (A second, undisclosed Netflix program is within the works.) She’s additionally beginning work on a comic book sequence based mostly on the Borderlands video video games. On a unique observe, one other MIT good friend, Norman Chen ’88, who now runs the Asian American Basis, recruited Chu to provide an outline of Asian-American historical past for grade-school college students. 

If Chu ultimately does revive Alpha Woman, she might take pleasure in a brand new era of readers and contributors. About 10 years in the past the Woman Scouts created a Comedian Artist badge, and Chu was flooded with requests to handle the troops. “In a couple of years, much more girls can have had this publicity,” she says. “If they’re something like me, they may get hooked.”

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