Taiwan accepts same-sex marriage, so why not adoption?


This 12 months, in a landmark authorized case, the 2 males turned the primary same-sex couple on the island to legally undertake a toddler neither of them are associated to.

Now they’re residing their household dream with daughter Joujou, 4, within the southern metropolis of Kaohsiung, in an residence embellished with rainbow flags and household images. But, whereas their household life is joyful, their hard-fought courtroom victory is bittersweet.

“We won’t be too joyful about our victory, as a result of numerous our pals are nonetheless going through many difficulties,” stated Chen, 35. “Even after same-sex marriage was legalized, we didn’t really feel welcome to have youngsters collectively as a household,” added Wang, 38. “We have been handled like second-class residents.”

Whereas Taiwan in 2019 turned the primary jurisdiction within the area to legalize same-sex marriage, the authorized change stopped in need of granting full rights of adoption to gay {couples}.

That has created a wierd loophole wherein heterosexual {couples} — and single individuals of all sexual orientations — are allowed to undertake youngsters to whom they aren’t biologically associated, however same-sex {couples} aren’t. To this present day, Wang and Chen stay the one same-sex married couple on the island to have performed so.

Chen Jun-ru (right, holding his daughter), and Wang Chen-wei (left) arrive at the Xinyi District Office in Taipei on January 13, 2022.

A blot on a progressive fame

Activists say this loophole exhibits that regardless of the strides Taiwan has made in recognizing LGBTQ rights, the island has a protracted approach to go earlier than same-sex {couples} have true equality.

The adoption loophole is just not the one downside left over from 2019. The authorized change additionally didn’t grant full recognition to same-sex transnational marriages; international spouses are acknowledged provided that same-sex marriage can also be authorized of their house jurisdiction.

Same-Sex Marriage Fast Facts

Freddy Lim, an unbiased member of parliament in Taiwan who advocates for LGBTQ rights, stated the loophole arose as a result of on the time the regulation was modified, society nonetheless “confronted numerous opposition from anti-LGBTQ teams,” so the federal government targeted “solely on legalizing marriage, however not rights regarding little one adoption.”

Nonetheless, Lim believes that since then attitudes have modified sufficiently for the regulation to vary once more. In Might, Lim and a bipartisan group of lawmakers proposed updating the regulation with a invoice he hopes could be handed by the tip of the 12 months.

“If a society treats individuals in a different way primarily based on their sexual orientation, it should have a robust cause out of the general public curiosity. However there’s none, so it’s clearly a type of discrimination,” Lim stated.

Taiwanese lawmaker Freddy Lim is an advocate for LGBTQ rights.

From despair to a miracle

Any change can not come too quickly for Wang and Chen, who hope their pals are spared the ordeal they confronted.

Wang and Chen, each lecturers from southern Taiwan, had been courting for greater than a decade after they started the method of adoption in 2016. Wang made the appliance in his identify and a courtroom affirmed his suitability in 2019 — following rigorous checks on each males by social employees.

Issues regarded all set for a contented household life.

“When same-sex marriage was legalized (a 12 months later), we had the hope of elevating a toddler collectively,” Chen recalled.

Nonetheless, Chen was advised that he could be unable to register because the woman’s authorized dad or mum — even when the pair obtained married. It was heartbreaking for Chen, who discovered himself prevented from exercising the kind of parental duties most households take as a right — like signing his daughter’s college or financial institution paperwork.

“Each time once we needed to make functions for our daughter, I used to be fearful of being requested about my relationship together with her. I’ve at all times been her father, however I used to be not acknowledged as a dad or mum,” Chen stated.

In April final 12 months, Wang and Chen — along with two different {couples} — filed petitions at a household courtroom in Kaohsiung metropolis. That they had anticipated the case to be dismissed — figuring they may then enchantment to Taiwan’s Supreme Court docket and finally power a change within the regulation.

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Nonetheless, to their shock, in January the household courtroom dominated of their favor on the grounds it was in Joujou’s finest curiosity to have each authorized dad and mom. The opposite two instances have been dismissed.

“I used to be astonished, it was a miracle,” Chen stated. “Till then, I had been residing along with my daughter, however I used to be not associated to her underneath the regulation.”

Wang stated the ruling was vital for 2 causes: it made it simpler for the couple to take care of their daughter — and it additionally gave hope to different {couples} like them.

“I really feel relieved now,” Wang stated. “Each of us can act as authorized dad and mom and share the burden. And if Joujou will get sick and has to go to a health care provider, each of us are legally eligible to take go away and look after her.”

In January, a family court in Taiwan ruled that both Wang and Chen could legally adopt their daughter as a family -- the first such case since same-sex marriage was legalized on the island in 2019.

An uphill battle

The issue is that the household courtroom’s ruling extends solely to Wang and Chen. Different same-sex {couples} in Taiwan nonetheless face an uphill wrestle.

Jordan, an American girl, is battling to register because the mom of her Taiwanese spouse’s adopted little one. She met her spouse, Ray, six years in the past and Ray started the adoption course of in 2018 — earlier than the couple married.

The couple requested CNN to not disclose their full names to guard the 7-year-old woman.

“Initially, it was simply my spouse who was adopting as a result of I wasn’t actually too certain whether or not or not I needed to be a dad or mum at the moment,” Jordan stated. “However inside a couple of month of my daughter coming house, she and I developed a very shut relationship.”

Same sex couples marry in mass military wedding -- a first for Taiwan's armed forces

Final April, Jordan filed her petition to a household courtroom similtaneously Wang and Chen did. Nonetheless, her case was dismissed.

“We wish equal safety underneath the regulation,” she stated. “If one thing have been to occur to my spouse — she has autoimmune illness, with Covid coming round — then not solely would my daughter lose her mama, she would lose me too as a result of she’d be taken away from me, as I am not allowed to undertake her,” she stated.

“We’re a household, however it nonetheless seems like we’re not an entire household. If it is a proper that is afforded to straight individuals, it is vital for us to be handled precisely the identical,” she added.

Jordan stated whereas Taiwan’s progressive fame had been boosted by its legalization of same-sex marriage, extra effort was wanted to make sure equality for LGBTQ {couples}.

“Lots of people — even right here in Taiwan — do not understand that we nonetheless haven’t got full equality,” she stated.

“It actually type of prevented us from having the ability to rejoice as a lot as we had needed to.”

Nonetheless, activists say there are causes for optimism.

Joyce Teng, deputy government director of Taiwan Equality Marketing campaign, stated since same-sex marriage was legalized three years in the past, there was a “better stage of acceptance and assist” in society.

In its newest annual survey printed final month, the marketing campaign discovered that 67% of Taiwanese supported permitting LGBTQ {couples} to undertake youngsters, an increase of 8% from a 12 months in the past.

People take to the streets of Taipei during the city's annual Pride festival in 2020. The island has a progressive reputation in Asia, boosted by its legalization of same-sex marriage in 2019.

Wang stated he hopes the regulation could be amended as quickly as attainable in order that different {couples} can get pleasure from the identical rights as him and Chen.

“There are a lot of households who’re afraid of submitting petitions in courtroom as a result of they don’t need to entice consideration from society or the media,” Wang stated. “If the regulation stays unchanged, many might be afraid to face up for his or her rights.”

There’s additionally Taiwan’s fame to consider — not solely as an enlightened jurisdiction for LGBTQ rights, however its picture as a free and democratic beacon within the Asia-Pacific area.

“When the worldwide group seems to be at Taiwan, we are sometimes considered the primary line of protection towards authoritarianism,” stated the lawmaker Lim.

“But when we’re to actually painting ourselves as free, equal and democratic … then we should acknowledge and remedy injustices in our society — and LGBTQ rights are an vital a part of this.”

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