Your Monday Briefing: Russia Seizes Lysychansk

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Good morning. We’re protecting Russia’s victory in a key japanese metropolis, Japan’s devastating warmth wave and Pakistan’s debate over transgender rights.

Ukraine’s army stated Sunday that it had withdrawn from the key eastern city of Lysychansk, the final metropolis in Luhansk Province nonetheless held by Ukraine.

Moscow’s victory means Russian forces are in control of large parts of the Donbas, a coal-rich area that has change into Russia’s point of interest since its defeat round Kyiv within the spring. Ukrainian forces are actually bolstering defenses alongside the border line between Luhansk and the neighboring province of Donetsk, residents stated.

After Ukraine withdrew from Lysychansk, explosions hit the center of a Russian city just north of Ukraine, killing 4, officers stated. It’s the deadliest identified episode affecting civilians in Russia for the reason that begin of the warfare. Moscow blamed Ukraine for the assault in Belgorod; Ukraine’s army had no speedy remark.

Listed here are live updates.

What’s subsequent: Lysychansk presents Russia a base to mount offensives on cities to the southwest. Yesterday, the Ukrainian metropolis of Sloviansk suffered its heaviest shelling. At the very least six folks have been killed and greater than a dozen have been injured, the mayor stated.

Japan is enduring one in every of its worst heat waves on record. Officers are urging folks to maintain their air-conditioners working to keep away from warmth stroke, although doing so may result in potential energy shortages.

Japan’s getting old inhabitants is very weak to warmth stroke and exhaustion, and officers have attributed plenty of deaths to the warmth.

Hospitalizations are additionally rising: Officers stated that over 4,500 folks with signs of warmth stroke and exhaustion have been taken to hospitals in ambulances in latest days, greater than 4 occasions the quantity from the identical interval a 12 months in the past. Most sufferers have been 65 or older.

Knowledge: In Tokyo on Saturday, temperatures exceeded 95 levels Fahrenheit — about 35 Celsius — for the eighth straight day. The capital has solely seen such a streak as soon as earlier than since 1875, when record-keeping started.

Context: Japan is weak to energy blackouts in intervals of excessive demand as a result of it relies heavily on liquefied natural gas, which is difficult to stockpile, and which has change into dearer since Russia invaded Ukraine in February.


4 years in the past, Pakistan grew to become one of many few nations to guard transgender folks’s rights in statute. It enacted a regulation that prohibits discrimination in faculties, workplaces and public settings, and ensures the precise to decide on one’s gender on official paperwork.

Initially, some emerged from the shadows. However just lately, violence has surged. In a spate of assaults in March, 4 transgender folks have been killed and others have been injured within the northwest.

Enforcement of the regulation can be inconsistent. The laws requires the institution of safety facilities, the place trans folks can entry psychological well being companies, authorized companies and short-term housing. However just one has opened to date, in Islamabad, the capital.

And discrimination stays widespread. Many individuals reside as they did earlier than 2018, hiding their identities, shunned by their households, denied medical care and huddling collectively in group properties for security.

Knowledge: Pakistan has just lately averaged about 10 homicides of transgender folks yearly, based on the Trans Murder Monitoring venture. That’s greater than earlier than the regulation handed and, relative to inhabitants, way over its neighbors.

Kaleem Ullah Khan, the “mango man,” has spent a lifetime grafting 300 sorts of mango onto one mom tree. By doing so, the 82-year-old horticulturist has grafted his personal life story onto it as nicely.

“Typically, the tree asks me questions — and I sit up and take into consideration them,” he stated. “It leaves me stressed — what does it need? I take into consideration the questions for hours.”

This month, the James Webb Area Telescope will begin spying on planets that orbit other stars. Astronomers hope that the highly effective telescope will reveal whether or not some harbor atmospheres which may help life.

Figuring out an environment in one other photo voltaic system can be exceptional sufficient. However there’s even an opportunity — albeit tiny — that one in every of these atmospheres will supply what is named a biosignature: a sign of life itself.

Since 1995, scientists have discovered more than 5,000 exoplanets. Some are much like Earth — roughly the identical measurement, fabricated from rock quite than fuel and orbiting in a “Goldilocks zone” round their star, not so shut as to get cooked however not as far as to be frozen.

The comparatively small measurement of those exoplanets has made them extraordinarily tough to review, till now. The James Webb Area Telescope, launched final Christmas, will change that, performing as a magnifying glass — gathering indicators as faint as a couple of photons per second — to let astronomers look extra intently at these worlds.

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